Photography Basics - Raven's Aerie

Welcome to the Photography Basics 

A How To Begin taking Photo's. whether as a Hobby or just interested in starting your own Photography Buisness. I am asked alot, from freinds and Family about "how To?" which inspired this section. First understand That You are not Just going to take a Course and be the best You Can be. It Takes Practice and More Practice. Start with your friends and family.

Full Disclosier- I am NOT a Teacher. This is what I know, My Oppinion and what I have learned about my Passion (Photography)

#1 Know your Gear But dont put so Much Into "What Is the Best Gear" The best Camera is the one you have with you. But Know your Gear from the Camera to the flash and all accerries that come with it.- KNOW YOUR GEAR- While composition might be a important, a photographer still requires the appropriate ‘Gear’ to capture an image that truly encapsulates their skill and vision. Your choice of camera, the type of lens you use and the focal length will  influence the look and feel of the final photograph.

#2 Practice. Dont Just "Read" About or watch a Videoa on How to. PUT IT TO PRACTICE. grab your camera and Practice, Hands On is A big Part of Learning Just About anything. and practice Makes Perfect.

#3 Get out of AUTO. Personally for me when I first Started to get out of Auto Mode I started with AV= Aprreture Priority.  you choose you f stop andf the camera makes the other4 choices which helped me Understand the relationship Between ISO, F stop shutter Speed-

A. Camera Formats-  There are several camera formats available to photographers. and for those who are just learning, the camera format is based on the size of the sensor – the light sensitive chip that is at the hub of a camera. Not only will the size of the sensor affect the quality of the images you take, but its dimensions will also determine the aspect ratio of the photographs you take, which can have a significant impact on how you frame your pictures.

full-frame  (Most Professional photographers #1 choice) Camera, which uses a sensor that is approximately the same size as a traditional 35mm film frame (36 x 24mm). This means a lens attached to it will give the same field of view that it would on a 35mm fi lm camera, retaining the original characteristics of that lens type.

CROPPED SENSOR DSLR - Most consumer digital SLRs use a sensor that is smaller than full frame. The most common format is known as APS-C, which is approximately the same size as the Advanced Photo System film format of the same name. The size of an APS-C format sensor can vary from 20.7 x 13.8mm to 28.7 x 19.1mm, depending on the manufacturer. Being smaller than the 35mm standard, this format is often regarded as being a ‘cropped sensor’, as it effectively multiplies the focal length of the lens attached. This is known as the camera’s multiplication factor – or focal length multiplier – which ranges from 1.3x to 1.6x depending on the specifi c size of the sensor. As an example, a 24–70mm lens attached to a camera with a multiplication factor of 1.5x would behave like a 36–105mm lens on a full frame sensor. Depending on the subject of your image, a camera’s multiplication factor can prove either advantageous or disadvantageous.

FOUR THIRDS AND MICRO FOUR THIRDS Cameras conforming to the Four Thirds standard employ a sensor with a diagonal measurement of 21.63mm. The sensor is not restricted to a specifi c shape or ratio, although most Four Thirds cameras use a 17.3 x 13mm, 4:3 ratio sensor. This is squarer than full frame and APS-C sensors (which typically have a 3:2 ratio), and can infl uence how you compose your images. The small sensor also effectively multiplies the focal length of an attached lens by a factor of 2x, enabling manufacturers to produce compact, lighter lenses.

Lenses- One of the main benefi ts of the camera formats we’ve highlighted is that they are all compatible with a wide range of interchangeable lenses, making them Very versatile systems.one of  the most important characteristic of a lens in my opinion is its focal length.   (A lens’s focal length determines the angle of view), which will not only influence how you frame your subject, but also affect the look and feel of the final Photo. Focal length is measured in millimetres, with a low number indicating a short focal length and a high number representing a long focal length (narrow angle of view)

WIDE-ANGLE LENSES is Any lens with a focal length shorter than 50mm (on 35mm/full frame) is generally considered a wide-angle lens. (Generally used for landscape photography)

When we talk about “exposure,” we simply mean the brightness or darkness of a photo. It seems simple enough to take a photo that is correctly exposed (has the proper brightness or darkness), but in reality, it can be quite tricky. Exposure uses Aperture, Shutter speed, and ISO in conjunction to create a properly exposed image.

standard’ lens is one that has a focal length that approximately matches the diagonal measurement of the sensor. (On a full-frame digital SLR this is 43mm, although a focal length of 50mm has been largely accepted as ‘standard’. )This lens type produces a F.O.V (field of view) that is not dissimilar to the human eye, displaying minimal distortion and providing a natural looking perspective.

TELEPHOTO LENSES- any lens with a  Focal lengths longer than 50mm are considered telephoto. Using longer focal lengths magnifies the subject, making them appear larger in the frame than would be possible using a wide-angle or standard lens from the same distance. 

PRIME VS ZOOM  there are two types of lens – prime lenses and zoom lenses. Prime lenses have a specific focal length that cannot be altered, (cannot Zoom) while a zoom lens covers a range of focal lengths; both have advantages and drawbacks for landscape photography.

Should you shoot Raw or Jpeg? This one is a Big Debate among Photographer's, it doesnt matter if you are taking Photos for the Fun, or Profesional. It all depends On You. There is no wrong or right way if the end Result is what you whated to achieve. it really depends on the The individual Photographer and or situation. and once you understand what the difference bewtween Jpeg and Raw Mean????? You can decide for yourself. But what about Editing? should you? do you have to? again depends on what end result you are looking to achieve. I personally Shoot Raw as it gives me More room for editingfor example.

(Photo Taken at Funks grove Illinois  Forge) Had I shot the above Photo in Jpeg I would not have the Abitlity to Either Bring out the Shadows and Darken other spots as I did. so again Point is what do you want to get out of your Photography. if you want more Control over Editing. my Suggesstions is Shoot RAW. 

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